BIOGRAPHICAL NOTES

Khalifa Abdul Hakim: Received his doctorate in Philosophy from Heidelberg University, Germany. Retired as Professor and Chairman, Department of Philosophy, Usmania University, Hyderabad, India, was appointed Director, Institute of Islamic Culture, Lahore in 1950 and held that position till his death. Was General President for the fist Session of Pakistan Philosophical Congress in 1954. Delivered lectures in the USA, Canada, Australia, Egypt, Turkey and Iran and translated into Urdu. Weber’s and Hoffdings’s Histories of Philosophy, and William James’s Varieties of Religious Experience. Author of scores of articles on a variety of subjects both in Urdu and English. Died in 1959.

- Principal works: The Metaphysics of Rumi, Islamic Ideology, Islam and Communism, Prophet Muhammad and his Mission.

Abdul Khaliq: M. A.; Ph. D. (Punjab). Retired as Iqbal Professor and as Chairman, Department of Philosophy, University of the Punjab, Lahore. Lectured at various American Universities as a visiting Professor on the invitation of the American Institute of Pakistan Studies in 1982. Presently, President Pakistan Philosophical Congress.

- Principal Works: Qur‘an Studies; Problems of Muslim Theology; Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan on Nature, Man and God.

Absar Ahmad: M. A. (Karachi University); M. Phil (Reading); Ph. D. (London). Chairman and Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy, University of the Punjab, Lahore. Taught at Makrere University, Uganda. His research was recognised in the UNESCO Report on Teaching and Research in Philosophy (Asia and Pacific) 1987. Member Board of Governors Qur‘an College, Lahore. Honorary editor of monthly journal Hikmat-e-Qur‘an. Read and published over thirty articles/conference papers in the areas of philosophy, Islamic thought and philosophical psychology.

- Principal works: Self and Self-Identity in Contemporary Philosophy; Kant and Kierkegarad: A Comparative Study ; Knowledge-Morality Nexus (Ed.).

Manzoor Ahmad: Educated at the Universities of Karachi and London. Retired as Vice Chancellor, Hamdard University, Karachi. Has been Professor and Chairman Department of Philosophy; Dean Faculty of Arts, Karachi University; President of Pakistan Philosophical Congress. Senior Fulbright Scholar. Lectured in the Universities of Chicago, Columbia, Pittsburgh, California and Hawaii. Author of a number of articles published in journals of international repute.

- Principal Works: Law and Morality (Ed); History of Philosophy (Ed); Khida-o-Khirad.

Naeem Ahmad: M. A. and Ph. D. from University of the Punjab. Chairman, Department of Philosophy, University of the Punjab, Lahore. Secretary Pakistan Philosophical Congress, Secretary Allama Iqbal International Congress. Also taught at Makrere University, Uganda. His name is included in the Marquis Who is Who in the World (editions 10 and 11) USA, Directory of International Biography (edition 22) Cambridge, England. Author of over 30 papers in the areas of Iqbal, Psychology and Modern Thought.

- Principal Works: Greek Philosophy; A History of Modern Philosophy; Bergson’s Philosophy; Iqbal’s Concept of Immortality; Freud’s Theory of Psychoanalysis.

Muhammad Ajmal: Educated at Government College Lahore and London University. Formerly Head of the Department of Psychology and Principal Government College Lahore; Vice Chancellor, University of the Punjab, Lahore. Retired as Federal Secretary of Education. He was a practising Psycho-analyst. Author of a number of books and articles. Died in 1994.

Q. M Aslam.: Educated at Aligarh and Cambridge. Retired in the capacity of Chairman, Department of Philosophy, University of the Punjab, Lahore. Previously he had been Professor and Chairman Department of Philosophy and Psychology, Government College, Lahore and then the Principal of the same college. His main areas of interest were Psychoanalysis and Religious Psychology. Died in 1981.

- Principal Works: "Muhammad: a Psychological Essay", Confinia Psychiatrica (Switzerland) 1968; "Psychoanalysis and Islam", Psychology of the 20th Century (Germany); "Religious Behaviour: Islamic Description", Islamic Culture (Hyderabad, India) 1934; "Religious Experiences of Muhammad", Indian Journal of Psychology, 1936; "Illusion of Depth in Colour-Perception" abstract in Psychological Abstracts (USA) 1950.

Waheed Ali Farooqi: M. A. (Karachi) and Ph. D. From Michigan State University, East Lansing. Post-doctoral fellow at Temple University, Philadelphia. Retired as Professor and Chairman Department of Philosophy University of Sind Jamshoro, Hyderabad. Has been the President of Pakistan Philosophical Congress and also its General President for the 24th session. Wrote several articles on numerous philosophical themes, especially on British Empiricism and Phenomenology. Presently working on a volume entitled Boundaries of Human Reason to be published jointly by the Princeton University Press and Longman and Todd, London.

Shahid Hussain: M. A. (Punjab) and M. A. (Lancaster, UK.) Professor and Head: Department of Philosophy Government College, Lahore since 1973.

- Principal Works: "Locke on Personal Identity", Pakistan Philosophical Journal (1972); "Hume on Religion", Pakistan Philosophical Journal (1973); Abstract of "Locke on Personal Identity", The Philosophers Index, Bowling Green University, USA, 1971; Abstract of "Hume on Religion", The Philosophers Index, Bowling Green University, USA, 1973.

Intisar-ul-Haq: M.A. (Punjab), Honours (London University), Ph. D. (Edinburgh). Holder of Post-doctoral Alexander von Humboldt Senior Fellowship, Germany, 1974-76, Senior Fulbright Fellowship, 1984-85. Retired as Professor and Chairman Department of Philosophy University of Peshawar. He is primarily interested in Logic, Philosophy of Logic and Analytical Philosophy.

- Principal Works: A Critical Study of Logical Paradoxes, Percept and Object, Wittgenstein’s Logical Mirror and Philosophy of Religion. "Person and Personal Identity", Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, USA, 1970; "Wittgenstein on Number", International Philosophical Quarterly, USA, 1978.

Javed Iqbal: M. A. Philosophy and English, Government College Lahore, Ph. D. Cambridge and Bar-at-Law Lincoln’s Inn, London. Received Honorary Doctorates from Villanova University, USA and Seljuk University Konya, Turkey. Served as Judge, Lahore High Court (1971-82), Chief Justice Lahore High Court (1982-86), and as Judge, Supreme Court of Pakistan ((1986-89). Presently, elected member Senate of Pakistan. Has participated in more than twenty seven international conferences held in various parts of the world and contributed papers.

- Principal works: Ideology of Pakistan; Legacy of Quaid-e-Azam; Mai Lala Fam (collection of papers on Iqbal in Urdu); Zinda Rud (Urdu biography of Allama Muhammad Iqbal, in three volumes); Pakistan and Islamic Liberal Movement.

Kazi A Kadir.: M. A. (Karachi), Honours (London), Ph. D. (Karachi). Retired as Professor and Chairman Department of Philosophy, Karachi University. Also taught at the universities of Peshawar and Rajshahi. General President of the Pakistan Philosophical Congress for the 30th annual Session held in 1995.

- Principal Works: Sartre and God, Education and Philosophy of Education, Introduction to Modern Logic, Principles of Writing and Researching and Dictionary of Philosophy.

Abdul Hamid Kamali: Educated at Usmania University Hyderabad, India and Karachi University. Formerly Head: Department of Philosophy, S. M. College, Karachi and Deputy Director Iqbal Academy, Assistant Editor Iqbal Review.

- Principal Works: Muslim Political Thought; Muslim Constitutionalism; Self and Social Experience.

Ali Akhtar Kazmi: Educated at University of the Punjab, Lahore, Dalhousie University, Canada and Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Presently Associate Professor, The University of Calgary. Has taught at various Canadian universities such as the University of British Columbia, Simon Fraser University, McGill University, the University of Western Ontario, Carleton University. Referee for the Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Linguistics & Philosophy Synthese and Dialogue. His areas of specialisation are Philosophy of Logic; Philosophy of Language; Philosophy of Mind and Metaphysics.

- Principal Works: "Some Remarks on Indiscernibility", P. Hanson and Bruce Hunter, eds., The A Priori Revisited: The Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 18 (1992); "Indiscernibility" abstract in Abstracts of the 9th International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, Volume 1; "Parthood and Persistence", D. Copp, ed., Canadian Philosophers: The Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Supplementary Volume 16 (1990); "Remarks on Information and Intentionality", P. Hanson, ed., Vancouver Studies in Cognitive Science, Volume 1: Information, Language and Cognition, Vancouver, BC; University of British Columbia Press; "Meaning and Propositional Attitudes", W. Bright , ed., Oxford International Encyclopaedia of Linguistics, OUP; Review of French, Vehling, Wettstein, eds., Contemporary Perspectives in Philosophy of Language in Canadian Journal of Linguistics 27, no. 2 (1982).

Muhammad Hanif Nadvi: Educated at Nadvat-al-Ulama, Lucknaw, India. A veteran religio-philosophical thinker. Retired as Research Scholar and Fellow, Institute of Islamic Culture, Lahore. Author of a number of books on Ghazali, Ibn Taimiyya, Ibn Khuldun and on several Islamic themes. Last work, a Lexicon of basic Qur‘anic terms and phrases. Died in 1986.

C. A Qadir.: M. A. and D. Litt. from University of the Punjab, Lahore. Retired as Iqbal Professor and Chairman, Department of Philosophy, University of the Punjab, Lahore. Was President Pakistan Philosophical Congress from 1976 to 1987. Wrote about 19 books and monographs in Urdu on Philosophy, Psychology, Sociology and Scientific Method. Died in 1987.

- Principal Works: Logical Positivism; Philosophy and Science in the Islamic World; Islamic Philosophy of Life and its Significance; "Pre-Islamic Indian Philosophy"; "Alexandrian Syriac Philosophy"; "The Dark Age of Islam"; "The Influence of Islam on the East"; A History of Muslim Philosophy, ed. by M. M. Sharif; "Contemporary Philosophy and Religion", International Philosophical Quarterly, 1965; "An Early Critic of Aristotelian Logic- Ibn Taimiyyah", International Philosophical Quarterly, 1968; "God and War", Philosophy of War, ed. by Professor Ginsberg.

Khawja Ghulam Sadiq: Retired as Chairman Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education, Lahore. Served the cause of education in various capacities such as Iqbal Professor and Chairman, Department of Philosophy, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Chairman, Punjab Text Book Board, Lahore, Secretary, National Education Council and Vice Chancellor, University of Azad Jammun and Kashmir. His articles have been published as Islam, Iqbal and Philosophy. Died in 1984.

M. M Sharif.: educated at M. A. O. College, Aligarh and Cambridge University. Was Professor and Chairman Department of Philosophy, Aligarh University, India. Later, Principal of Islamia College, Lahore and Director, Institute of Islamic Culture, Lahore. General President of the Indian Philosophical Congress in 1945. Represented Pakistan in the UNESCO sponsored South and South-East Asia Conference held in the USA in 1956; East-West Party Meeting held at Canberra, Australia; Internationl Philosophical Conference held at Venice and Padua in 1958 and the East-West Philosophers’ Conference held at Honolulu, Hawaii in 1959. Was a member of the American Philosophical Association (Pacific Division) and a Director of the International Federation of Philosophical Socities, Paris. Founder-Life-President of Pakistan Philosophical Congress. Died in 1965.

- Principal Works: About Iqbal and His Thought, Studies in Aesthetics, Islamic and Educational Studies, Muslim Thought: Its Origin and Achievements, National Integration and Other Essays, "Dialectical Monadism", Contemporary Indian Philosophy edited by S. Radhakrishnan, "Neo-Platonism", History of Philosophy, Eastern and Western, ed. by S. Radhakrishnan. Edited the monumental two-volume A History of Muslim Philosophy.

M. Saeed Sheikh: Educated at Muslim University, Aligarh, India. Retired as Director Institute of Islamic Culture, Lahore. Formerly, Professor and Head, Department of Philosophy, Government College, Lahore. One of his most commendable works is his annotated edition of Allama Muhammad Iqbal’s Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam.

- Principal Works: Studies in Muslim Philosophy; Dictionary of Muslim Philosophy and Studies in Iqbal’s Art and Thought (ed.).

B. H Siddiqui.: Educated at Aligarh Muslim University, India. Retired as Principal, Government College of Education, Lahore. Formerly, Director Punjab Textbook Board, Lahore; Director Libraries and Professor of Philosophy, Government College, Lahore. Presently, Visiting Professor, Department of Philosophy, University of the Punjab, Lahore.

- Principal Works: Iqbal’s Philosophy of. Education. Contributed articles on Ibn-e-Tufail, Nasir-al-Din Tusi and Jalal-al-Din Dawwani to A History of Muslim Philosophy edited by M. M. Sharif. "Miskawayh on the Purposes of Historiography", The Muslim World, Hartford Seminary, USA.